Foot anatomy, illustration. Muscles are pink, tendons and ligaments are white and bones are cream. Tendons and ligaments are bands of inelastic fibrous tissue. Tendons connect bones to muscle, while ligaments connect bones to other bones. The toes consist of phalanges bones, two for the big toe and three for the others. The phalanges are joined to the metatarsal bones, which are in the mid-foot. The foot tendons, which run from the muscles at the front of the leg to the tip of the toes, extend and flex the toes.