Michael Faraday (1791-1867), British scientist. Despite lacking a formal education, Faraday made several major advances in chemistry, magnetism and electricity. He devised the first electric motor and equipment such as transformers and dynamos. He worked at the Royal Institution, London, rising from laboratory assistant to Humphrey Davy (1813), to Professor of Chemistry (1833). His lectures helped popularise science amongst the public. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1824, but rejected offers of a knighthood and the Royal Society presidency. Photographed in 1830s.